TURNOVER OF ANTIMICROBIAL VETERINARY MEDICINAL PRODUCTS IN UKRAINE AS A FACTOR OF THEIR RATIONAL USE IN THE TREATMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN ANIMALS
The procedure for manufacture, sale and rational use of antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products in veterinary medicine must comply with the national legislation, namely the Law of Ukraine “On Veterinary Medicine”. Only authorized in Ukraine veterinary medicinal products have been used in veterinary medicine as required with the recommendations stated in package leaflet, labeling and summary of the product characteristic. The article describes main principles of monitoring process sales turnover of antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products during period of study 2015-2018.
On the suggestion of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) at the beginning of 2016 Ukraine started collecting annual sales data (for the previous year) on antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products in food-producing and domestic animals in accordance with the Chapter 6.9. of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code, 2016; 2018.
The main goal of this study was the implementation of OIE recommendations in monitoring process by the assessment of sales patterns of antimicrobials, their influence on prudent use, in compliance with Ukrainian National Action Plan Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance, 2019. The study was conducted during four 12-month periods (from January 1 to December 31) during 2015-2018. The data in questionnaires reports were received from marketing authorization holders and distributors and collected as suggested by OIE. The specification of the amounts of the antimicrobials annual sales during 2015-2018 according route of administration and antimicrobial classes in [kg] and [%] of active ingredient were presented.
The study revealed the main high-selling classes of antimicrobials (Tetracyclines, Penicillins and Sulfonamide+Trimethoprim); the commonly used route of administration (oral ~ 90 %) and part of veterinary critically important and important antimicrobials in total sales amounts of all antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products. Macrolides occupied the main part (10,2 %) in veterinary critically important antimicrobial medicinal products; part of Aminoglycosides was ~ 4 %; Fluoroquinolones – among 2,5 - 7,14 % and part of Cephalosporins was less than 1% during all years of the study.
This study can be considered as the first step towards implementation a national monitoring system for rational and prudent use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine.
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