To the question of the diseases of the hepatobilary system in cats

  • N. S. Kanivets Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava, Ukraine
  • S. O. Kravchenko Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava, Ukraine
  • T. L. Bourda Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava, Ukraine
  • Yu. V. Maksimenko Poltava State Agrarian Academy, Poltava, Ukraine
Keywords: liver diseases, hepatodystrophy, animals, metabolic disorders

Abstract

Failure by owners of pets to maintain and feed their pets often leads to a sharp increase in the number of diseases of the organs of the digestive system, namely the liver. Hepatic insufficiency has no clear clinical signs, and changes in laboratory indices indicate a violation of only some of its functions. Clinical symptoms in such cases may have common features, and hepatocellular insufficiency is not reflected in the nature of macro- and microscopic changes in the organ. Well-known researchers at one time made attempts to adapt the classification of hepatobiliary pathology, which are commonly accepted in humane medicine. However, a number of factors hinder the wide application of such classifications in veterinary medicine. Among them, such as the need for complex biochemical, histological and special tests, which, in relation to animals, are technically difficult and often impossible to implement, should be identified. In addition, the nosological structure of hepatobiliary pathology is significantly different from that of humans in terms of etiology, pathogenesis and anatomical and physiological features of animals of different species, which are caused by conditions of maintenance, feeding, and in relation to farm animals and exploitation. That is why in veterinary medicine there is no generally accepted classification of liver diseases for animals of different species. In dogs and cats, the following diseases of the liver are distinguished: hepatitis, hepatodistrophy, cirrhosis, tumors, biliary tract disease. Most of the classifications given in the special literature do not take into account the anatomical and physiological features of the hepatobiliary system of domestic cats, therefore, it is not fully used in the daily work of a veterinary medicine doctor. In this regard, to date, scientific research in this area is relevant.

References

Еtiologicheskiy profil tsirrozov pecheni s letalnym iskhodom u statsionarnykh bolnykh / [A. N. Bobrov, A. I. Pavlov, S. V. Plyusnin i dr.] // Ros. zhurnal gastroenterol., gepatol., koloproktologii. – 2006. – T. 16, № 2. – S. 19–24. [in Russian]

Razlichnyye formy bolshoy pechenochnoy nedostatochnosti: klinicheskiye osobennosti i iskhody / [A. I. Kazanov, S. V. Plyusnin, A. P. Vasilyev i dr.] // Ros. zhurnal gastroenterol., gepatol., koloproktologii. – 2008. – T. 18, № 2. – S. 18–27. [in Russian]

Mansurova I. D. Biokhimicheskaya kharakteristika funktsional'nogo sostoyaniya pecheni v zavisimosti ot kharaktera yeye nedostatochnosti / I. D. Mansurova // Materialy konf. po aktual'nym problemam gastroenterologii : tez. dokl. – Dushanbe, 1969. – S. 163. [in Russian]

Mansurov KH. KH. Portal'naya gipertenziya: patofiziologiya, klassi-fikatsiya, diagnostika i taktika vedeniya bol'nykh / KH. KH. Mansurov // Ros. zhurn. gastroenterol., gepatol., koloproktol. – 1997.– T. VII, № 3. – S. 69–72. [in Russian]

Hepatitis with special reference to dogs. A review on the pathogenesis and infectious etiologies, including unpublished results of recent own studies / [S. Y. Boomkens, L. C. Penning, H. F. Egberink et al.] // Vet. Q. – 2004. – Vol. 26 (3). – P. 107–114.

Bagautdinov A. M. Morfologicheskiye izmeneniya u sviney pri gepatoze i posle vvedeniya santokhina / A. M. Bagautdinov // Veterinariya. – 2008. – S. 40 – 41. [in Russian]

Usha B. V. Bolezni pecheni sobak / B. V. Usha, I. P. Belyakov. – M. : PAL'MApress, 2002. – 36 s. [in Russian]

Vnutrishni khvoroby tvaryn / [V. I. Levchenko, I. P. Kondrakhin, V.V. Vlizlo ta in.] ; za red. V. I. Levchenka. – Bila Tserkva, 2012. – CH. 1. – 528 s. [in Ukrainian]

Prevalence of antibody to hepatitis E virus among pet dogs in the Jiang-Zhe area of China / [J. Liu, W. Zhang, Q. Shen et al.] // Scand. J. Infect. Dis. – 2009. – Vol. 41 (4). – P. 291–295.

Kearns S. Infectious hepatopathies in dogs and cats / S. Kearns // Top Companion Anim. Med. – 2009. – Vol. 24 (4). – P. 189–198.

Primary hepatitis in dogs: a retrospective review (2002–2006) / [J. H. Poldervaart, R. P. Favier, L. C. Penning et al.] // J. Vet. Intern. Med. – 2009. – Vol. 23 (1). – Р. 72–80.

Bolezni sobak i koshek. Kompleksnaya diagnostika i terapiya bolezney sobak i koshek : ucheb. posobiye / [T. K. Donskaya G. G. Shcherbakov, G. V. Polushin] ; pod red. S. V. Starchenkova. – SPb. : Spets. literatura, 2006. – 655 s. [in Russian]

Garbuzenko D. V. Mekhanizmy kompensatsii struktury i funktsii pecheni pri yeye povrezhdenii i ikh prakticheskoye znacheniye / D. V. Garbuzenko // Ros. zhurnal gastroenterol., gepatol., koloproktologii. – 2008. – T. 18, № 6. – S. 14–22/ [in Russian]

Copper-associated chronic hepatitis in Labrador Retrivers / G. Hoffman, T. S. van der Ingh, P. Bode, J. Rothuizen // J. Vet. Intern. Med. – 2006. – Vol. 20 (4). – Р. 856–861.

Suchkova E. V. The functional condition of the hepato-biliary system in fatty hepatosis with concomitant diabetes mellitus / E. V. Suchkova // Eksp. Klin. Gastroenterol. – 2009. – Vol. 8. – P. 26–29.

Mato J. M. Methionine metabolism and liver disease / J. M. Mato, M. L. Martinez-Chantar, S. C. Lu // Annu. Rev. Nutr. – 2008. – Vol. 8. – Р. 273–293.

Lokes P. I. Ultrazvukova diahnostyka chvorob tvaryn / P. I. Lokes, V. H. Stovba, L. P. Karysheva. – Poltava : FOP Hovorov S. V., 2007. – 128 s. [in Ukrainian].

Published
2019-09-18
How to Cite
Kanivets, N. S., Kravchenko, S. O., Bourda, T. L., & Maksimenko, Y. V. (2019). To the question of the diseases of the hepatobilary system in cats. Scientific and Technical Bulletin оf State Scientific Research Control Institute of Veterinary Medical Products and Fodder Additives аnd Institute of Animal Biology, 20(2), 433-439. https://doi.org/10.36359/scivp.2019-20-2.55