Effectiveness use fermented post-extraction rapeseed meal in the feeding of sows
The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of fermented post-extraction rapeseed meal in diets for sows, during pregnancy and lactation period, on the basis of growth performance, selected immunological parameters, and the concentration of mineral elements in blood and colostrum.
The experiment was carried out on 40 sows, were divided into two groups: control (K) and experimental (D) fed mixtures containing 9 % of fermented post-extraction rapeseed meal (RM) replacing the post-extraction soybean meal. The experiment started on the day of confirmed of pregnancy with ultrasound (USG) (about pregnancy at 3 weeks) and ended on the 27th day of lactation (weaning piglets).
Fermentation of RM is effective way to reduce anti-nutrients (phytate phosphate) in compound feeds as well as to stimulate the immune system, which improves the quality of colostrum and health of piglets, reducing diarrhoea severity and mortality.
The research has confirmed that fermented feed components are highly suitable in growth performance leading to growth the number of piglets in the litter and weight of the litter at 28 days of age, as well as stimulation of the immune system, influence, among others, for the secretion of secretory IgG and IgA immunoglobulins in sows and piglets. The fermentation process will also enable better utilization of protein feedstuffs of native origin in pig diets. The use of fermented rapeseed meal in diets for sows during pregnancy and lactation will also enable better utilization of minerals, i.e. phosphorus, calcium, copper and iron from feed mixtures.
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