СHARACTERISTICS OF DIETARY FEEDS FOR DOMESTIC ANIMALS AVAILABLE ON THE MARKET OF UKRAINE
Complete and complementary dietary feeds are feeds intended for special nutritional purposes and used when the nutritional needs of the animal's body are met. The labeling of feeds intended for special nutritional purposes must contain the word "dietary". Their composition is balanced by proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, pre- and probiotics, and other pharmacologically active components that affect the digestive processes, excretion or prevention of kidney stones, strengthening joint tissue, suspending allergic reactions, renal dysfunction, liver, promote recovery from stress, etc.
The article describes the characteristics of feeds intended for special nutritional purposes for pets, that are imported or the domestic products, which are authorized in Ukraine for the period 2015-2019. The names of finished feed products, in addition to trademarks, reflect the animal species and purpose, depending on the identified abnormalities in their health, which determines the special purpose for their use.
According to the authorized products list, the largest number of names falls on dietary foods for pets used in kidney disease and kidney stones (70), digestive disorders (51) and allergies (37). A significant number (28) are low-calorie diets for overweight cats and dogs. The share occupied by certain groups of complete feeds by purpose meets the needs of the domestic market of complete dietary feeds for pets. This distribution of feeds intended for special nutritional purposes helps to ensure proper care for pets of different ages and breeds that are prone to disease. Feeds entering the market in Ukraine meet the requirements of national regulations and the main safety criteria of the European Federation of Animal Feed Manufacturers (FEDIAF) and the ISO standard 22 000: 2005.
According to scientific research, the most common groups of feeds intended for special nutritional purposes for pets are described; the characteristics of the main feed ingredients in the formulas, and substantiated their function as a part of nutrition at special nutritional purposes of the animal's body.
Brown, C.A., Elliot, J., Schmiedt, S.W., and Brown, S.A. (2016). Chronic Kidney Disease in Aged Cats: Clinical Features, Morphology, and Proposed Pathogeneses. Vet. Pathol.53 (2), 309-326. doi: 10.1177/0300985815622975.
Commission Directive 2008/38/EC of 5 March 2008 establishing a list of intended uses of animal feedingstuffs for particular nutritional purposes - Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX:32008L0038
Commission Regulation (EU) 2020/354 of 4 March 2020 establishing a list of intended uses of feed intended for particular nutritional purposes and repealing Directive 2008/38/EC Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2020.067.01.0001.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2020:067:TOC
Downes, M.J., Devit, C., Downes, M.T., and More, S.J. (2017). Understanding the context for pet cat and dog feeding and exercising behaviour among pet owners in Ireland: a qualitative study. Ir Vet J. 70: 29. doi: 10.1186/s13620-017-0107-8.
Finch, N.C., Syme, H.M., Elliot, J. (2016). Risk factors for development of chronic kidney disease in cats. J. Vet. Intern. Med., 30(2), 602-610. doi: 10.1111/jvim.13917. Epub 2016 Mar 6.
Linder, D.E. & Parker, V.J. (2016). Dietary aspects of weight management in cats and dogs. Vet. Clin. North Am. Small Anim. Pract. 46 (5), 869-882. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2016.04.008
Makielski, K., Cullen, J., O'Connor, A., and Jergens, A.E. (2019). Narrative review of therapies for chronic enteropathies in dogs and cats. J Vet Intern Med. 33(1): 11–22. doi: 10.1111/jvim.15345.
Mamchyn, М.М. (2018). Rynok kormiv dlya domashnih tvaryn v Ukraini: marketyngovi aspekty. Ekonomika ta suspilstvo, 14, 202-207. Available from:https://journals.indexcopernicus.com/api/file/viewByFileId/765991.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Manei, S., Szakacs, A., Căpîlnean, A., and Macr, A. (2017). Nutritional Management of Overweight and Obesity in Dogs and Cats Bulletin UASVM Veterinary Medicine 74(1), 82-87.
Mueller, R.S., Olivry, T., Prélaud, P. (2016). Critically appraised topic on adverse food reactions of companion animals : common food allergen sources in dogs and cats. BMJ. Vet .Res.,1,.9.
Piyarungsri, K. & Pusoonthornthum, R. (2017). Risk and protective factors for cats with naturally occurring chronic kidney disease. J. Feline Med Surg.19(4), 358-363. doi: 10.1177/1098612X15625453.
Regulation (ЕС) No 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32003R1831.
Regulation (EC) No 767/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed, amending European Parliament and Council. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex:32009R0767.
Salaun, F., Blanchard, G., Le Paih, L., et al. (2017). Impact of macronutrient composition and palatability in wet diets on food selection in cats. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 101(2), 320-328.
Sirenko, S. (2019). Vyvchennya rynky і formuvannya popytu na rynku kormiv dlya domashnikh tvaryn. Ekonomika ta upravlinnya pidpryemstvamy, 32, 213-217. [in Ukrainian].
Zakon Ukrainu “Pro bezpechnist ta higienu kormiv”, vid 21 Grudnya 2017. Available from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2264-19. [in Ukrainian].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.