FEATURES OF DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT OF UTERINE ABSCESS IN COWS
Uterine abscess in cows is nowadays insufficiently researched and enlightened problem of veterinary obstetrics and needs more detailed study in terms of diagnostics, causes, clinical manifestation and development of effective treatments.
The purpose of the work was a comprehensive diagnosis, study of the etiology, clinical manifestation and effectiveness of treatment of uterine abscess in cows.
Complex diagnostics included clinical and ultrasound examinations and microbiological studies. Clinical diagnosis was based on anamnesis, examination, palpation, evaluation of the nature of genital discharge. Ultrasound used a modern KX5200 Kaixin scanner for cattle. Microbiologically, the microflora of the contained abscess was investigated and, according to conventional methods, the sensitivity of the microorganisms to the preparations was determined.
Some etiologic factors of cow uterine abscess are presented in the paper, including inappropriate obstetric intervention in obstetric care, infection in the birth canal after incorrect treatment, some consequences of various kinds of trauma in childbirth. The clinical picture and symptomatology of the disease are revealed. It is noted that the pathology is manifested by symptoms of endometritis, occurs with fever, frequent pulse and is characterized by a worsening of the general condition. Ultrasound is the most commonly diagnosed abscess localized at the point of transition of the cervix to the body. Rectal examination showed significant uterine enlargement and tenderness to the touch, especially at the site of abscess formation. According to the results of microbiological studies, the most effective in the spectrum of action was the drug for intrauterine administration of «Ceftiozol», based on ceftiofur hydrochloride, with the addition of lactic acid, diamond green, benzalkonium chloride and dimethyl sulfoxide, which is recommended as a treatment system for the first treatment. In addition, the treatment scheme used drugs «Enzaprost», «Uterodev» and «Retinol-250». The therapeutic efficacy of the proposed treatment protocol was proved with 83.3%, which was confirmed by the results of rectal and ultrasound examination of the uterus. Accordingly, after synchronization of sexual hunting, 10 cows were successfully inseminated, as evidenced by calving on the 30th day. The following examples of manifestations of uterine abscess in cows, clearly demonstrate the need for timely diagnosis and rational treatment of postpartum endometritis.
In the future, it is planned to develop a comprehensive scheme for the prevention of postpartum pathology of cows with the use of aerosols «Yodozol» and «Tseftiozol», and to establish its therapeutic efficiency based on blood biochemical parameters.
Anokhyn, B.M., Danylevskyi, V.M., Zamaryn, L.H. et al. (1991). Vnutrennye nezaraznye bolezny selskokhoziaistvennykh zhyvotnykh. [Internal noncommunicable diseases of farm animals]. M.: Ahropromyzdat, (Uchebn. y uchebnye posobyia dlia stud. vyssh. uchebn. zavedenyi). [in Russian].
Danylevskyi, V.M., Kondrakhyn, Y.P., Korobov, A.V. et al. (1992). Praktykum po vnutrennym nezaraznym bolezniam zhyvotnykh. [Workshop on internal noncommunicable animal diseases]. M.: Kolos. [in Russian].
Katsaraba, O.A., Stefanik, V.Yu., Kostyshyn, E.E., Sachuk, R.M. & Kulinich, O.V. (2018). Zastosuvannia vnutrishnomatkovoho aerozolnoho preparatu dlia terapii koriv pry pisliarodovykh uskladnenniakh.[Application of intrauterine aerosol preparation for the treatment of cows with postpartum complications]. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu veterynarnoi medytsyny ta biotekhnolohii imeni S.Z. Gzhytskoho. 20(87), 55-59 https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet8711 [in Ukrainian].
Levchenko, V.Y. (1991). Veterynarnaia dyspanseryzatsyia selskokhoziaistvennykh zhyvotnykh. Spravochnyk. [Veterinary dispensary of farm animals. Directory] K.: Urozhai. [in Ukrainian].
Nedzhanov, A.G. (1999). Fiziologiya i patologiya rodov i poslerodovogo perioda u s.-kh. [Physiology and pathology of parturitions and the postpartum period in agricultural animals]. Zhivotnykh. Voronezh: VGAU [in Russian].
Rokitsky, P.F. (1973). Biologicheskaya statistika. [Biological statistics]. Minsk: Vysheishaia shkola. [in Russian].
Sachuk, R.M., Kulinich, O.V., Katsaraba, O.A. (2017). Efektyvnist aerozolnoho vnutrishnomatkovoho preparatu «Metrazol-bio» pry endometryti u koriv.[Eefficiency of the aerosol intrauterine preparation «Metrazol-bio» in endometritis in cows]. Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu veterynarnoi medytsyny ta biotekhnolohii imeni S.Z. Gzhytskoho – 19(82), 110-113 https://doi.org/10.15421/nvlvet8223 [in Ukrainian].
Sachuk, R.M., Zhigaliuk, S.V., Tverdiy, V.M., Stravsky, Ya.S., Katyukha, S.M., Katsaraba, O.A. et al. (2018). Aerozolnyi preparat sefalosporynovoho riadu dlia profilaktyky ta likuvannia pisliarodovykh vnutrishnomatkovykh infektsii u tvaryn [Aerosol preparation of cephalosporin series for the prevention and treatmentof postpartum intrau terine infections in animals].Ukraine Utility model patent No. 127501 [in Ukrainian].
Stravsky, Y.S. (2017). Diahnostyka, likuvannia ta profilaktyka akusherskoi patolohii u koriv (metodychni rekomendatsii). [Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of obstetric pathology in cows (guidelines)]. Lviv. [in Ukrainian].
Vos, P., Garrity, G., Jones, D., Krieg, N. R., Ludwig, W., Rainey, F. A., Whitman,W. (Eds.). (2011). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: Volume 3: The Firmicutes. Springer Science & Business Media.
Zvierieva, H.V., Khomyn, S.P., Oleskiv, V.N. (1989). Metodyka akusherskoi ta hinekolohichnoi dyspanseryzatsii koriv i telyts. [Methods of obstetric and gynecological dispanseryzations of cows and heifers]. Lviv. [in Ukrainian].
Zvierieva, H.V., Yablonskyi, V.A., Kosenko, M.V. et al. (2001). Rekomendatsii z profilaktyky neplidnosti khudoby. [Recommendations for the prevention of infertility of cattle]. K.: Nauk. svit. [in Ukrainian].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.