FEATURES OF DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT OF UTERINE ABSCESS IN COWS

  • R. M. Sachuk Research Epizootology Station IVM of NAAS, 18, Knyazya Volodymyra Str., Rivne, 33028, Ukraine
  • Ya. S. Stravsky I. Horbachevsky Ternopil National Medical University, 1, Voli Square, Ternopil, 46001, Ukraine
  • O. A. Katsaraba Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after S. Z. Gzhytskyi 50, Pekarska str., Lviv, 79010, Ukraine
  • V. V. Horiuk State Agrarian and Technical University in Podillia, 13, Str. Shevchenko, Kamianets-Podilskyi. 32316,Ukraine
  • S. V. Zhyhalyuk Research Epizootology Station IVM of NAAS, 18, Knyazya Volodymyra Str., Rivne, 33028, Ukraine
Keywords: ABSCESS, UTERUS, POSTPARTUM PATHOLOGY, ENDOMETRITIS, «TSEFTIOZOL».

Abstract

Uterine abscess in cows is nowadays insufficiently researched and enlightened problem of veterinary obstetrics and needs more detailed study in terms of diagnostics, causes, clinical manifestation and development of effective treatments.

The purpose of the work was a comprehensive diagnosis, study of the etiology, clinical manifestation and effectiveness of treatment of uterine abscess in cows.

Complex diagnostics included clinical and ultrasound examinations and microbiological studies. Clinical diagnosis was based on anamnesis, examination, palpation, evaluation of the nature of genital discharge. Ultrasound used a modern KX5200 Kaixin scanner for cattle. Microbiologically, the microflora of the contained abscess was investigated and, according to conventional methods, the sensitivity of the microorganisms to the preparations was determined.

Some etiologic factors of cow uterine abscess are presented in the paper, including inappropriate obstetric intervention in obstetric care, infection in the birth canal after incorrect treatment, some consequences of various kinds of trauma in childbirth. The clinical picture and symptomatology of the disease are revealed. It is noted that the pathology is manifested by symptoms of endometritis, occurs with fever, frequent pulse and is characterized by a worsening of the general condition. Ultrasound is the most commonly diagnosed abscess localized at the point of transition of the cervix to the body. Rectal examination showed significant uterine enlargement and tenderness to the touch, especially at the site of abscess formation. According to the results of microbiological studies, the most effective in the spectrum of action was the drug for intrauterine administration of «Ceftiozol», based on ceftiofur hydrochloride, with the addition of lactic acid, diamond green, benzalkonium chloride and dimethyl sulfoxide, which is recommended as a treatment system for the first treatment. In addition, the treatment scheme used drugs «Enzaprost», «Uterodev» and «Retinol-250». The therapeutic efficacy of the proposed treatment protocol was proved with 83.3%, which was confirmed by the results of rectal and ultrasound examination of the uterus. Accordingly, after synchronization of sexual hunting, 10 cows were successfully inseminated, as evidenced by calving on the 30th day. The following examples of manifestations of uterine abscess in cows, clearly demonstrate the need for timely diagnosis and rational treatment of postpartum endometritis.

In the future, it is planned to develop a comprehensive scheme for the prevention of postpartum pathology of cows with the use of aerosols «Yodozol» and «Tseftiozol», and to establish its therapeutic efficiency based on blood biochemical parameters.

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Published
2020-06-01
How to Cite
Sachuk, R. M., Stravsky, Y. S., Katsaraba, O. A., Horiuk, V. V., & Zhyhalyuk, S. V. (2020). FEATURES OF DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT OF UTERINE ABSCESS IN COWS. Scientific and Technical Bulletin оf State Scientific Research Control Institute of Veterinary Medical Products and Fodder Additives аnd Institute of Animal Biology, 21(1), 175-182. https://doi.org/10.36359/scivp.2020-21-1.23